Kashan

Kashan is located 258 km. south to Tehran. A part of this township is located in a vast plain and the other part in a mountainous area. The central heights of the country cross this township. The climate of the township, like other central parts of Iran, is changeable depending on topography of the region. the mountainous areas are cold and the plain areas, especially desert margin, are warm. Kashan is one of the oldest cities of Iran. According to archeological excavations in Sialk hills (located 4 km. west to the city) and vestiges found over there, indicate that this area was a home of pre-historic Man. It was a thriving city in Sassanides time. In Islamic period it was a famous city as well. The local architecture of the city is unique and very interesting. The most important historical and religious mints of the city are as follows: Several hot mineral water springs, Fin and Abbas-Abad historic gardens, Abyaneh historical and amazing village. Registered as a historical village by UNESCO, Several old public bathes, Old and wonderful houses, Several underground water reservoirs, Old caravansaries, National Museum and Bagh Fin museum, several shrines and sacred mausoleums

Fin Historic Gardens

Also known as the Bagh-e Tarikhi-e Fin or Bagh-e Amir Kabir at Fin 6 km. To the southwest, it serves as the finest surviving example (since 1.000 years) in Iran, and creates the contrast between the Kavir region and the greenery of the well-tended oasis below the adjoining Karkas mountain. A major part of Kasha's water was supplied by the perennial source of Solaimaniyeh spring in the garden. Designed for Shah Abbas 1, this classical Persian vision of paradise contains the remains of his two-story palace set around a pool. The garden has other Safavid royal buildings, although they were substantially rebuilt, and others were addend in the Qajar period. The building housing Kashan Museum was built in 1968. Baghee Fin, Kaslun. a 19'h century royal garden Fin was the scene of a tragedy in 1852, when Mirza Taqi Khan known as Amir Kabir, the Grand Vizier of Nasser?od Din Shah, was murdered there. He is considered a national hero and vanguard of modem Iran.

Madrasah Sultana

Known as the Imam Khomeini School, this 19th century mosque is located next to the Jewelers' Bazaar. It attracts tourists because of its excellent plan and design, vast spaces, double-shell 27?m. high brick dome, and pleasant landscape. Altogether, there are 8 historic inscriptions inside the building. It is open to visitors every day from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Masjid-e Jame', Maidan Mosque, and Sultan Amir Ahmad Shrine, are worth to be visited before going to the nearby towns of Natanz and Qamsar and Abyane village. 

Boroujerdi Old House

The present premises of Kashan Cultural Heritage Department, the Boroujerdi Old House was built nearly 130 years ago by a famous merchant and landowner named HajKASHAN Seyyed Ja'far Boroujerdi from Natanz, who imported goods from Boroujerdi in Lorestan Province. Its completion required 18 years of work by tens of laborers, master painters, and architects. Reception, cereial, and residential halls and rooms are arranged on the four sides of the courtyard. Provision of well-proportioned spaces, nicely-designed bad-girs (wind?towers) to fit the building, particularly paintings by the famous Iranian painter Kamal-ol Molk Ghaffari, have served to convert it to an art masterpiece in itself There are many other old houses in Kashan, such as the Abbassian and Tabatabaie. 

Aqa Bozorg Theological School

Aqa Bozorg Mosque and Madrasah Complex in Fazel-e Naraqi street, from the second half of the last century (Qajar period), when the country's architects produced a number of unforgettable masterpieces. The Complex was constructed for congregational prayers as well as preaching and teaching sessions held by Mulla Mahdi Naraqi 11, known as Aqa Bozorg. The vast sanctuary of the mosque is in two floors. The first floor,, houses 12 cells on three sides, and the mosque appears at the top floor. The building's past has been documented in 7 historic inscriptions. 

The Mausoleum of Shahzadeh Abraham

 

The mausoleum of Shahzadeh Abraham, built in (1894 A.D.), belongs to the Qajar period. This structure is highly interesting and attractive for possessing a turquoise tile cupola, lofty minarets, a pleasant courtyard and an iwan decorated with mirror?works and paintings. The portico and the ceiling of the iwan depict ample paintings of a religious nature on a plaster background. The interior of the mausoleum possesses elaborate miff or?works and its frieze is decorated with colored glazed bricks

Last modified on Wednesday, 09 April 2014 08:48
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